Role of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)
The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is an autonomous apex body responsible for the organization and management of research and education in the field of Agriculture, Animal Science, and Fisheries in India. The Headquarters of the ICAR are located in krishi Bhavan, New Delhi. The Minister for Agriculture is the president of the ICAR. Its principal executive officer is the Director General.
He is secretary to the Government of India in the Department of Agricultural Research and Education. Its members include the minister of Agriculture, Animal Husbandly and fisheries and senior officers of the various state governments, representatives of the parliament the agro industries, scientific organizations and farmers.
The Governing Body is the chief executive and decision making authority of the ICAR. It is headed by the Director General. It consists of eminent agricultural scientists, educationists, legislators and representatives of farmers. It is assisted by the standing Finance Committee, Accreditation Board, Regional Committees and several scientific panels.
The Secretary, Department of Agricultural Research and Education and Director General of the ICAR functions as the principal advisor to the Government of India in all matters concerning research and education in agriculture and allied fields.
Functions of the ICAR
The ICAR under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture is one of the important organizations at national as well as at international level. To fulfill its mission, it plays a vital role.
- To plan, under-take, aid, promote and coordinate education, research and its application in agriculture, animal science, fisheries, agro-forestry and allied sciences.
- To act as clearing house for research and general information relating to agriculture, animal husbandry, fishery, agro-forestry, home science and allied sciences through its publications and information system and instituting and promoting transfer of technology programmes.
- To provide, undertake and promote consultancy services in the field of research, education, training and dissemination of information in agriculture, animal science, fisheries, agro-forestry, home science and other allied sciences;
- To look the problems relating to broader areas of rural development concerning agriculture, including post harvest technology by developing cooperative programmes with other organizations such as the Indian council of social Science Research, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Bhaba Atomic Research Centre, state Agricultural Universities etc.;
- To do other things considered necessary to attain the objectives of the society.
The vast network of ICAR includes Institutes, Bureaux, National Research Centres & Project Directorates. It is apex scientific organization under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education of our country.
Types of Universities
There are different types of universities. Some of the important among them are discussed below:
A unitary university is one that is situated at a centre where all teaching work is done under the control of a single organization. It consists of several departments. The centre exercises full control on its various components such as teaching, examination and admission etc.
An affiliated university has a number of colleges affiliated to it. It does not provide teaching functions at the campus. Such a University has a well defined jurisdiction. It exercises control and supervision over them. Various rules & regulations laid down by the university are properly observed by each college affiliated to it. The university is responsible for framing of syllabi, granting of affiliation, holding of examinations and conferring of degrees.
The universities which had been created through an Act of Parliament and are managed, financed and controlled by the central Government are known as central Universities. Delhi, Aligarh, Varanasi, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) Viswa Bharati and North Eastern Hill University (NEHU), etc., come under this category.
State Universities are those which had been started by a particular state through an act of its legislative and exercise full control over it. It is managed, financed and controlled by the state Government.
There are some state institutions which are of national importance have also been granted a university like status under section 3 of University Grants commission Act of 1967 and they had been termed as a deemed University. Particularly in state like Orissa, recently, Ravenshaw College and KIT have got the status of deemed university because of their national importance.
ICAR – CREATING SYNERGY
ICAR, an International Non-Governmental Organization (INGO), provides an open yet secure network to share with, learn from and interact with fellow members and related stakeholders in global animal production. By cooperating, sharing and enabling, ICAR strives to stimulate animal production around the globe that is more sustainable and efficient than the sum of the individual contributions.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
The aims of ICAR are to promote the development and improvement of animal identification, performance recording and evaluation in farm animal production.
Such objectives are achieved through the establishment of definitions and guidelines for measuring characteristics of economic importance.
The aim of ICAR is to promote the development and improvement of the activities of identification, performance recording and the evaluation of farm livestock. We achieve this through the following:
- ICAR establishes rules and standards, specific for the purpose of identifying animals, the registration of their parentage, recording their performance, evaluating their genetics, and publication of such identifying characteristics of production systems and their bearing on animal health, care, productivity, food safety and the environment.
- Promoting discussion and collaboration in all activities having to do with animal performance recording and evaluation and recording and evaluation of characteristics of production systems within and among international organizations, public authorities and industry.
- Encouraging the use of animal records for the purpose of assessing the value of animals and farm management systems, given that both aspects have a bearing on the profitability of animal production.
- ICAR provides a platform for cooperation and collaboration in all activities related to animal performance recording and evaluation within and among international organizations, public authorities and industry service providers.
- It encourages the use of performance recording data for the purpose of assessing the value on the profitability of animal production.
It facilitates the interpretation of findings at the practical level by publishing reports showing the results obtained through the application of performance recording and evaluation methods.
ICAR AND ITS MEMBERS
ICAR is composed of 117 Members from 59 countries. With the Guidelines and services, ICAR helps the creation of quality based animal production systems around the world; connected systems that are beneficial to both our 87 full members, our 30 associate members as well as farmers, legislators and consumers. This way, ICAR wants to contribute to a sustainable food chain, while keeping in mind what is beneficial to the open markets long term. We believe that an unbiased scientific approach provides the right fundamental framework for these common systems. We do our work with the highest respect to human and animal integrity and welfare.
ICAR – ACTING RESPONSIBLY
With the Guidelines and services, ICAR helps the creation of quality based animal production systems around the world; connected systems that are beneficial to both our 87 full members, our 30 associate members as well as farmers, legislators and consumers. This way, ICAR wants to contribute to a sustainable food chain, while keeping in mind what is beneficial to the open markets long term.
FOR WHOM ?
ICAR is there for its members, both in developed and emerging markets: farm and breeding organizations facilitating ‘their’ local farmers in data-recording and evaluation of production animals. Ultimately this data should help farmers to make management (including breeding) decisions and produce healthy, safe and sustainable food in a valuable way. Therefore, ICAR cooperates closely with those organizations that provide products and services to our members in the recording and genetic process and in farm management information.
ICAR- IMPROVING CONTINUOUSLY
With the continuous improvement of animal production systems, ICAR seeks to help its members to become or remain competitive, so they can provide relevant services to their stakeholders (primarily farmers and ultimately consumers). We focus on groundbreaking innovations by facilitating and discussing research, thinking of new technologies and their impact on our guidelines and services.
Role of the Nodal Officer (ICAR) to TNAU
The Nodal Officer is a scientist designate who is the linkage between the Council and the University. He facilitates for the successful conduct of the several ICAR programmes that are allotted under the Strengthening Development of Higher Education in India.
The programmes that are
- Library Strengthening
- Niche Area of Excellence
- Tribal Sub Plan
- Student READY
- Experiential Learning
- National Talent Scholarship
- Netaji Subhas -ICAR International Fellowship–ICAR National Professor
- ICAR Emeritus Professor
- ICAR Emeritus Scientist
- ICAR National Fellow
- ICAR PG Scholarship
- Merit-Cum-Means Scholarship
The above programmes are governed by the ADG (Educational Planning & Home Science) division which strives to develop, co-ordinate, implement and monitors plans and policies including reforms in higher agricultural education in the country leading to quality human resource development and aims for maintaining and upgrading quality and relevance of higher agricultural education through partnership with 75 Agricultural Universities comprising of State Agricultural Universities (64), ICAR Deemed-to-be-Universities (4), Central Agricultural Universities (3) and Central Universities with Agriculture Faculties (4). The Indian Council of Agricultural Research provides financial supports for establishment of infrastructure facilities including Faculties and Students Amenities viz. Student Hostels, Examination Halls, Educational Museums, Sports and Recreational Facilities, Placement Cells, and Modernization of Educational Farms and Library Facilities.
Other ICAR programmes
- Centre for Advanced Faculty Training (CAFT) Summer/ Winter School/ Short Courses
- Post Matric Scholarship for SC/ST Students
- Extramural Research
- National Agricultural Education Accreditation Board
- India-Africa and India-Afghanistan Fellowship
The ICAR sanctions funds under the Strengthening and Development of Higher Education in India for the Accredited Universities and colleges functioning under the University, which will be effectively utilized for the development of the education system in the University. He is directly controlled by the Vice-Chancellor of the University, placed under the Dean (Agri.), AC&RI, Coimbatore. The ICAR Nodal Cell is functioning in the office of the Dean (Agri.), AC&RI, Coimbatore