Success Stories

SUCCESS STORY ON GROUNDNUT

Name and address of the farmer with Telephone / Mobile Number

P. Aravazhi

S/o Palani

Vandurasan kuppam

Cuddalore Block and DistrictNaduveerapattu Post

Mob : 9443327534

Situation analysis/Problem statement
  • Lack of awareness on new varieties of groundnut
  • The continuous use of local groundnut variety  reduced the yield
  • Non adoption of ICM technology reduced the yield
Plan, Implement and Support
  • KVK has intervened and adopt the village for conducting FLD on groundnut (VRI 8) during 2017-18
  • 10 farmers were selected in Vandurasankuppam  village of Cuddalore block
  • Critical inputs such as groundnut pods (VRI8), Trichoderma Viride, TNAU Groundnut rich and pheromone traps were distributed to the farmers
  • He has  attended  training on groundnut production technology was conducted to the farmers
  • He  also  participated demonstration of seed drill sowing, post emergence herbicide application, groundnut rich application and pheromone trap application were demonstrated to the farmers
  • Frequent field visit were made by the KVK Scientist and advised the farmers on pest and disease management  The farmer has got highest yield of 44.42 q/ha of processed groundnut pods in his demonstration plot (VRI 8)
  • Because of using right technologies and farm mechanization he has got higher yield in groundnut  i.e. 44.42 q/ha
  • The other farmers also got an average yield of 42.38 q/ha with an BC ratio of  2.36 than other variety
  • Farmer felt that groundnut rich application was easier than DAP application and has the advantage of increasing the pod setting. Drought tolerance was good
Output
Yield (q/ha) No. of pods/plant 100 seed wt Gross cost (Rs./ha) Gross return (Rs./ha) Net return (Rs./ha)

BC ratio

Individual farmer
44.42 48 45 99465 244310 144845 2.45
10 farmer demos
42.388 44 44.636 98767.1 233134 134366.9 2.36

Outcome

Farmer   is being well recognized in the society and acting as resource farmer for the neighbouring villages. He has spread the seed production techniques in groundnut and gingelly to more than 500 farmers of Naduveerapattu  and nearby villages With the help of NABARD Fund, Major Crop Development Scheme (MCDS) was adopted and implemented in the following villages viz., Vandurasankuppam, Naduveerapattu, Palur and nearby villages.  With the help of scheme, critical inputs, funds, newer technologies, trainings and marketing were provided to the farmers with his guidance. Farmers club will conduct the meeting at every month and give necessary suggestions based on the requirement and also transfer the new technologies. New technologies will be disseminated regularly to the village by the KVK and RRS Scientists through his motivation. Regularly attend the technology empowerment programmes of KVK, adopt it and integrate it

Impact In “Grievences day” meeting the district Collector appreciated the farmer for highest yield in groundnut and the district Collector advised the other farmer to follow the technologies adopted by him. Due to the impact, the JDA of Cuddalore has gave acceptance to procure the groundnut pod (2000 kg) for upscaling the groundnut variety VRI 8  in convergence mode. Due to the well functioning and impact created by the farmers, Minister of Agriculture, Agriculture Production Commissioner, Commissioner of Agriculture, District Collector, line department officials were visited the village frequently. He encouraged the farmers to participate in the trainings, exhibitions, seminars organized by line departments of agriculture at district and state level.

SUCCESS STORY ON INNOVATIVE FARMER CUM SEED PRODUCER

Name and address of the farmer with Telephone / Mobile Number S/o Kaliyaperumal

30/2, West Street

Karuppanchavadi Village 607301

Kurinjipadi Taluk, Cuddalore Dist

Mob : 9942187135, 9443081666

Situation analysis/Problem statement
  • Non adoption of ICM technology reduced the yield in major crop
  • Non availability of labour during peak season
  • The continuous use of local variety in pulses and oilseeds reduced the yield
  • Lack of awareness on farm machinery for post harvest operations
Plan, Implement and Support
  • KVK has intervened and adopt the village for conducting Cluster FLD on groundnut (GJG20) during 2017-18
  • 30 farmers were selected in Karuppanchavadi  village of Kurinjipadi  block
  • Critical inputs such as groundnut pods (GJG20), Trichoderma Viride, TNAU Groundnut rich and pheromone traps were distributed to the farmers
  • He has attended training on groundnut production technology was conducted to the farmers
  •  He has  participated demonstration of seed drill sowing, post emergence herbicide application, groundnut rich application and pheromone trap application were demonstrated to the farmers
  • Frequent field visit were made by the KVK Scientist and advised the farmers on pest and disease management
Output Adopted Technology by the farmer

Groundnut

  • Use of newly released groundnut varieties like, G7, G9, G20 and VRI 8
  • Drip and sprinkler irrigation for groundnut crop whenever water is demand
  • Post emergence herbicide application  on 15th to 16th day – Imazethapyr @ 300 ml/acre
  • Top dressing of fertilizer on 20th, 60th and 80th day – 10:26:26  combination  –  20 kg /acre
  • Foliar spray of water soluble fertilizer on 30th, 45th, 60th & 80th days of sowing
  1. All 19:19:19  – 30th  day – 1kg/acre
  2. DAP Combination  – 45th day 1 kg/acre
  3. Urea + Potash WSF  – 60th day – 1 kg/acre
  4. 0:0:50 WSF     – 80th day – 1 kg/acre

Biological method of pest control

  1. 30th day – Neem oil (30 ml) + Pungam oil (30 ml)+ 10 g camphor + 20 ml  alcohol per tank
  2. 45th day – Neem oil (50 ml) + Pungam oil (50 ml)+ 10 g camphor + 20 ml  alcohol per tank
  3. 60th day – Neem oil (60 ml) + Pungam oil (60 ml)+ 15 g camphor + 20 ml  alcohol per tank
  4. 80th day – Neem oil (60 ml) + Pungam oil (60ml)+ 15 g camphor + 20 ml  alcohol per tank
  5. Sowing and harvesting will be done in right time by use of machineries because groundnut crop need more labourers than other crop from sowing to harvest.
  6. Because of using right technologies and farm mechanization he has got higher yield in groundnut .i.e. 75 q/ha

Paddy

  • Production of different classes of seeds in paddy to meet the seed requirement of the farming community in Cuddalore district
  • Adoption of the SRI method of cultivation in paddy and procedures in it for seed production
  • Adoption of proper cropping sequence to maintain soil fertility status
  • Raising of green manures and insitu incorporation before paddy cultivation
  • Adoption of the right package of technologies
  • Following the seed production and certification procedures without deviation

Sesame

  • Seed production in newly released gingelly cultivar VRI 3 in the alfi soil tract  and adoption of right production practices
  • Seed treatment with Pseudomonas fluourescens, Trichoderma viride, Phosphobacteria and Azospirillum
  • Soil application of MnSo4 @ 4 kg/acre
  • Use of Pre emergence herbicide (Pendimethalin) application to reduce weed menace
  • Practising line sowing of gingelly seeds
  • Maintaining optimum plant population  and earthing up
  • Foliar spray of DAP 2 % (4 kg/acre) and Balanced use of fertilizer

Sugarcane

  1. Raising nursery using single budded chips
  2. Transplanting young seedlings (25-35 days old)
  3. Maintaining wide spacing (5 x 2 feet) in the main field
  4. Providing sufficient moisture through water saving efficient irrigation technologies viz., subsurface drip fertigation
  5. Encouraging organic method of nutrient and plant protection measures.
  6. Practicing intercropping with effective utilization of land

Field crops ( Per acre)

Crop Yield Cost of cultivation (Rs.) Gross income (Rs.) Net income (Rs.) BCR
Groundnut 30  q 38000 154000 116000 4.05
Paddy 3.4 t 30000 74750 44750 2.49
Sesame 900 kg 10000 67500 57500 6.75
Sugarcane 55 t 73000 143000 70000 1.95
Cumbu 1500 kg 9500 19500 10000 2.05

Horticulture crops (Per acre)

Crop Yield Cost of cultivation (Rs.) Gross income (Rs.) Net income (Rs) BCR
Amla  6 t 20000 180000 160000 9.0

Hiring charges

Machinery Hiring Cost of cultivation (Rs.) Gross income (Rs.) Net income (Rs) BCR
Hiring charges of all machineries 1200000 including diesel, driver bata and fuel charges 2500000 1300000 2.08

New package of practices/ management strategies

Groundnut

  1. Because of labour shortage and drought  there is need for practicing new technology
  2. The  use of machinaries for groundnut harvesting and stripping is needed nowadays because of labour shortage
  3. Use of pungam oil, neem oil and camphor will control the pest and disease by low cost as well as organic method and without use of  pesticides since groundnut  is consumable product
  4. The use of water soluble fertilizer will reduce the leaf dropping from leaf formation to harvest stage and makes the plant green upto maturity and makes uniform maturity of the pod.
  5. The water soluble fertilizer directly goes to the individual plant and the nutrient are perfectly utilized by the individual plant.

Sesame

  • Formation of ridges and furrows will make uniform maturity and avoid lodging and thereby maintain the population and thereby increase the yield
  • While irrigation during broadcasting method there will be water stagnation and there by affect the plant. But in ridges and furrows the water absorption of plants will take slowly and uniformly and thereby growth of the plant in a continuous manner and thereby increase the yield of the plant .
  • Foliar spray of DAP and Planofix during flowering and pod formation stage will increase the seed set and thereby increases  the yield
  • Basal application of manganese sulphate  before sowing will help in the formation of bold  pods and increases the oil content
Outcome
  • Farmer   is being well recognized in the society and acting as resource farmer for the neighbouring villages.
  • He has spread the seed production techniques in groundnut to more than 1000 farmers of  Karuppanchavadi and nearby villages

Saving of resources

Groundnut

  • Use of seed drill reduce the labour cost to a tune of Rs. 2000  than use of  manual method.
  • Use of post emergence herbicide will reduce the manual labour cost and makes the difference in cost of cultivation
  • Usually groundnut stripping is done by manual method .But the use of groundnut stripper makes the profit of Rs. 15,000 than manual method

Sesame

  • The cost of cultivation by new practice will increase of Rs. 2000 compare to broadcast method, but the yield is more in line sowing method compare to broadcast method
  • Formation of ridges and furrows and line sowing will make extra Rs. 2000 compare to broadcast method. Extra labour is needed for line sowing and thinning operation that will make the difference for cost of cultivation
  • With the help of NABARD Fund, Major Crop Development Scheme was adopted and implemented in the following villages viz., Karuppanchavadi, T. Palayam, Kullanchavadi and Kattinkuppam.  With the help of scheme, critical inputs, funds, newer technologies, trainings and marketing were provided to the farmers with his guidance.
  • Practicing seed production in groundnut and other millets and formed the commodity group comprised of 100 farmers and marketed the produce to different district of Tamil Nadu
  • As a group leader for NABARD Farmers Club and got agricultural inputs through subsidy for more than 200 farmers of karuppanchavadi and nearby villages
  • NABARD club functioning very well by getting different agricultural implements with 100% subsidy. Agricultural engineering department also gave power tiller and tractor  to the club with 100 % subsidy
  • Facilitate the mass tree planting and fish pond for the farmers through line departments
  • New technologies will be disseminated regularly to the village by the KVK and RRS Scientists through his motivation
  • Regularly attended  the technology empowerment programmes of KVK,he has   adopted  it and integrated  it
  • Due to the well functioning and impact created by the farmers, Minister of Agriculture, Agriculture Production Commissioner, Commissioner of Agriculture, district Collector, line department officials were visited the village frequently
Impact Media coverages like success stories

  • His success is documented and telecasted by Makkal TV on  April 2017 and pothigai TV
  • His  achievements are published in popular dailies like Daily Thanthi, Dinamalar, Dinamani and Dinakaran
  • The farmer has been appreciated for his contribution in groundnut and he was recognized by State sponsored programme entitled ‘Increasing the productivity in groundnut ’ on 2009 -10
  • The farmer has been appreciated for his contribution in cumbu  and he was recognized by State  Level sponsored programme entitled ‘Increasing the productivity in cumbu ’ on 2011-2012
  • Adoption of technologies of TNAU, Mr. V.K. Kumaraguru received 16.5 t/ha (wet pod) of Asha groundnut during 2015 and has been appreciated at National level for higher productivity.
  • During 2015, he was awarded for usage of machinaries for groundnut by the higher number of farmers by Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore
  • The farmer has been appreciated for his contribution to agriculture in different platforms and he was recognized by State & District Level sponsored programme entitled ‘Increasing the productivity in groundnut’ on 2015  and 2016

SUCCESS STORY INNOVATIVE FARMER CUM SEED PRODUCER IN PADDY

Name and address of the farmer with Telephone / Mobile Number

S. Chittarasu

S/o.Selvamani

Manakudianiruppu Village , Agramangalam PostMelatheru

Chidambaram  Taluk

Cuddalore district

Mob  No: 9443538098

Situation analysis/Problem statement
  • Lack of awareness on new varieties of paddy.
  • Continuous use of local paddy variety and poor yield
  • Non adoption of ICM technology reduced the yield
Plan, Implement and Support
  • KVK has intervened and adopted the village for conducting FLD on paddy (CO 52 & TKM 13) during 2018-19.
  • 10 farmers were selected in Manakudianiruppu  village of Keerapalayam  block
  • Critical inputs such as paddy seeds ( CO 52 & TKM 13), Pseudomonas and  Biofertilizer were distributed to the farmers.
  • Training on paddy seed production technology was given to the farmers.
  • Demonstration of SRI, Machine transplanting, post emergence herbicide application, DAP Spray and seed production methods were demonstrated to the farmers.
  • Frequent field visit were made by the KVK Scientist and advised the farmers on pest and disease management.
Output
  • The farmer has got highest yield of 80.63 q/ha of processed paddy seeds  in his demonstration plot (TKM 13)
  • Because of using right technologies and farm mechanization he has got higher yield in Paddy (80.63 q/ha)
  • Other farmers also got an average yield of 77.19 q/ha with a BC ratio of 2.30 than other variety
  • Farmer informed that except basal and top dressing of fertilizers he has not applied pesticides as the crop is not affected by pests and diseases. The variety is suited to the climatic condition and soil of that region.  TKM 13 variety had the potential to replace the pests and diseases susceptible BPT 5204 variety

 Yield (q/ha)

No. of tillers /plant Number of grains per panicle Gross cost (Rs./ha) Gross return (Rs./ha) Net return (Rs./ha)

BC ratio

Individual farmer
80.63 28 286 54000 129008 75008 2.38
10 farmer demos
77.19 26 239 53688 123583 69894 2.30
Outcome
  • Farmer   is being well recognized in the society and acting as resource farmer for the neighbouring villages.
  • He has spread the seed production techniques in paddy  and gingelly to more than 500 farmers of Manakudianiruppu and nearby villages
  • With the help of NABARD Fund, Major Crop Development Scheme was adopted and implemented in the following villages viz., Manakudianiruppu, T. Neduncheri and nearby villages.  With the help of scheme, critical inputs, funds, newer technologies, trainings and marketing were provided to the farmers with his guidance.
  • Farmers club will conduct the meeting at every month and give necessary suggestions based on the requirement and also transfer the new technologies
  • New technologies will be disseminated regularly to the village by the KVK and RRS Scientists through his motivation
  • Regularly attend the technology empowerment programmes of KVK, adopt it and integrate it
Impact Media coverages like success stories

  • His success is documented and telecasted by Pothigai TV on  March 2019
  • In Grievences day meeting the District Collector appreciated the farmer for highest yield in paddy and the District Collector advised the other farmer to follow the technologies adopted by him
  • Due to the impact, the JDA of Cuddalore has gave acceptance to procure the paddy seed  (15000 kg) for upscaling the paddy variety TKM 13  in convergence mode
  • Due to the well functioning and impact created by the farmers, Minister of Agriculture, Agrl Production Commissioner, Commissioner of Agriculture, District Collector, line department officials were visited the village frequently.
  • He encouraged the farmers to participate in the trainings, exhibitions, seminars organized by line departments of agriculture at District and State level

SUCCESS STORY ON INNOVATIVE FARMER CUM SEED PRODUCER

Name and address of the farmer with Telephone / Mobile Number S. Selvam

S/o Sundaramaurthy

Reddy street

Ayyankurinjipadi Village 607301

Kurinjipadi Taluk, Cuddalore Dist

Mob : 7708876142

Situation analysis/Problem statement
  •  Non adoption of ICM technology reduced the yield in major crop
  •  Non availability of labour during peak season
  •  The continuous use of local variety in pulses and oilseeds reduced the yield
  •  Lack of awareness on farm machinery for post harvest operations
Plan, Implement and Support
  • KVK has intervened and adopted the village for conducting FLD on groundnut (VRI8) during 2018-19
  • 10 farmers were selected in Ayyankurinjipadi village of Kurinjipadi  block
  • Critical inputs such as groundnut pods (VRI 8), Trichoderma Viride, TNAU Groundnut rich and pheromone traps were distributed to the farmers
  • Training on groundnut production technology was given to the farmers
  • Technology of seed drill sowing, post emergence herbicide application, groundnut rich application and pheromone trap application were demonstrated to the farmers
  • Frequent field visit were made by the KVK Scientist and advised the farmers on pest and disease management
Output  Adopted Technology by the farmer

Groundnut

  • Use of newly released groundnut varieties like , G7, G9, G20 and VRI 8
  • Drip and sprinkler irrigation for groundnut crop whenever water is scarce.
  • Post emergence herbicide application  on 15th to 16th day – Vezir @ 300 ml/acre
  • Top dressing of fertilizer on 20th, 60th and 80th day – 10:26:26  combination  –  20 kg /acr
  •  Biological method of pest control
  •  30th day – Neem oil (30 ml) + Pungam oil (30 ml)+ 10 g camphor + 20 ml  alcohol  per tank
  •  45th day – Neem oil (50 ml) + Pungam oil (50 ml)+ 10 g camphor + 20 ml  alcohol per tank
  • 60th day – Neem oil (60 ml) + Pungam oil (60 ml)+ 15 g camphor + 20 ml  alcohol per tank
  •  80th day – Neem oil (60 ml) + Pungam oil (60ml)+ 15 g camphor + 20 ml  alcohol per tank
  • Sowing and harvesting will be done in right time with the use of machineries because groundnut cultivation is laborious than other crops.
  • Because of using right technologies and farm mechanization he has got higher yield (75 q/ha) in groundnut.

Sesame

  • Seed production in newly released Gingelly cultivar VRI 3 in the alfi soil tract  and adoption of right production practices
  • Seed treatment with Pseudomonas fluourescens, Trichoderma viride, Phosphobacteria and Azospirillum
  • Soil application of MnSO4 @ 4 kg/acre
  • Use of Pre emergence herbicide (Pendimethalin) application to reduce weed menace
  • Practising line sowing of gingelly seeds
  • Maintaining optimum plant population  and earthing up
  • Foliar spray of DAP 2 % (4 kg/acre) and Balanced use of fertilizer
Crop Yield /acre Cost of cultivation (Rs.) Gross income (Rs.) Net income (Rs.) BCR
Groundnut 30  q 38000 154000 116000 4.05
Sesame 900 kg 10000 67500 57500 6.75

New package of practices/ management strategies

Groundnut

  • Because of labour shortage and drought  there is a need for practicing new technology
  • The  use of machinaries for groundnut harvesting and stripping is needed nowadays because of labour shortage
  • Use of pungam oil, neem oil and camphor is a low cost and organic way of pest and disease management option since groundnut is a consumable product.
  • The use of water soluble fertilizer will reduce the leaf dropping from leaf formation to harvest stage and keeps the plant green upto maturity and helps in uniform maturity of the pod.

Sesame

  • Formation of ridges and furrows will make uniform maturity and prevent lodging and thereby maintaining the population and increase the yield
  • Irrigation in broadcasting method promotes water stagnation which may affect the plants. But in ridges and furrows water absorption by plants will take place slowly and uniformly and thereby facilitates growth of the plant in a continuous manner and increase the yield of the plant.
  • Foliar spray of DAP and Planofix during flowering and pod formation stage will increase the seed set and thereby the yield.
  • Basal application of manganese sulphate before sowing will help in the formation of stout pods and thereby increase the oil content.
Outcome
  • Farmer   is being well recognized in the society and acting as resource farmer for the neighbouring villages.
  • He spread the Groundnut seed production techniques to more than 1000 farmers of Ayyan kurinjipadi and nearby villages.
  • Practicing seed production in groundnut and other millets. He formed a commodity group comprising of 100 farmers and marketed the produce to different districts of Tamil Nadu.
  • Facilitate mass tree planting and establishment of fish pond for the farmers with help of line departments.
  • New technologies are disseminated regularly to the village by the KVK and RRS Scientists through his motivation
  • Regularly attend the technology empowerment programmes of KVK, adopt it and integrate it in his farm.
  • Due to the well functioning and impact created by the farmers, Minister of Agriculture, Agrl. Production Commissioner, Commissioner of Agriculture, District Collector, line department officials are visiting the village frequently.
Impact Media coverage’s like success stories

  • His success story is documented and telecasted by Pothigai TV on March 2019
  • His achievements were published in popular dailies like Daily thanthai, Dinamalar, Dinamani and Dinakaran.

SUCCESS STORY OF CASHEW FARMER

Panruti is a developing city, municipality and taluk headquarters of Cuddalore districtTamil Nadu, India. Panruti is located between Cuddalore and Neyveli. Panruti is famous for jackfruit and cashews. The jackfruit grown here is exported worldwide and is very sweet. It is a business center of Cuddalore district. The name Panruti came from the Tamil words Pann and Urutti meaning composing song and music, as the place is where many saints and great religious singers such as nayanmars and vainavas sung. A 150-year-old government school was built here by the British East India Company and a more-than-1000-year-old temple Veeratteswarar temple is nearby in Thiruvathigai.

Panruti is located on the main line of high ways. State highways Chennai-Kumbakonam and Cuddalore-Chittoor passes through Panruti. Panruti is located at 11.77°N 79.55°E. It has an average elevation of 32 metres (104 feet). The Kedilam River flows through the town and Thenpanni river is nearby. Panruti produces cashewsjackfruit, sugar cane and many vegetables. Panruti plays a major role in the cashew export business, exporting to Malaysia, Australia, Singapore, and the United States. It is known for its famous international jackfruit market, from where jackfruit is exported to many other countries. It is also a commercial center of Cuddalore district. The Rathinampillai market located in the center of the city attracts thousands of people every day from morning 5:00 a.m. itself. Nearby villages are Maligampattu, Anguchetty palayam, Chinnapettai, Thiruthuraiyur, Puthupettai or PudupetBandrakottai, Mandhipalayam, Oraiyur, Kadampuliyar, Periyakattupalayam. Many nearby villages are famous for weaving Lungi, and Silk sarees.

Veerasingankuppam is located in Panruti to Vriddhachalam state high way and is 18 km away from Vriddhachalam and 25 km form Panruti.Th.A.Gnanasekar is residing at Veerasingankuppam village of Panruti taluk, Cuddalore district. He is a progressive farmer. He is 50 years old. He is a diploma (Engineering) holder. He hails from traditional agriculture family. His ancestor’s key profession was farming and he continues his family profession, following the motivation of his father. Currently, he owns 20 acres of garden land. The soil type is red sandy loam and is irrigated by borewell. His region is known for cashew cultivation. He is growing cashew in his 20 acres of land. During 2012, his cashew plantation was totally devastated by Thane cyclone. His family livelihood was totally under threat due to the loss. He bravely challenged the situation and wanted to re-establish his plantation. He approached Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK), Virddhachalam and state department of Horticulture for technical support and financial assistance respectively. He was covered in Thane rehabilitation scheme and was financially supported by State Horticulture department for establishing the cashew plantation in an area of 20.0 acres. The financial assistance was provided to him in the form of digging borewell, electricity connection, free supply of cashew grafts. The complete package technical know-how was given to him by KVK, Vriddhachalam. The technologies taught to him was planting, post planting care, training of plants, integrated nutrient management, efficient use of water, Integrated Pest and Disease Management (IPDM) etc. He has shown keen interest to learn the technologies from KVK, Vriddhachalam. In the year 2016, he once again approached KVK for new innovation techniques to enhance his farm income. He was advised to go for intercropping with blackgram in the alley spaces of cashew plantation. He was also taught about drip cum fertigation using water soluble fertilizer, pruning and foliar pray of nutrients. He grasped the techniques very well and adopted in his plantation. As a result he has got a yield of 320kg/acre cashew nuts and 280kg/acre of blackgram. He has got gross income of Rs. 45000/acre from cashew and Rs.10000/- from blackgram as additional income respectively. The net income that he realized was Rs.40000/acre. The total net income form his 20 acre cashew plantation was 8.0 lakh per year.Besides, he has recently started his small scale cashew processing unit in his village and is yet to give dividend to him. Overall, he has become a successful lead farmer in cashew and he will soon transform into an entrepreneur.

SUCCESS STORY OF VALUE ADDITION IN JACK FRUIT

Th. K.Vijayakumar is an educated youth in Vegakollai village of Panruti taluk, Cuddalore district. He is a graduate and hails from traditional agriculture family. His place is known for jackfruit cultivation. The unique feature of his locality in respect of jack fruit is bearing in two seasons. In other jack fruit growing places, jack gives yield in only one season (summer), but in his place, jack fruits are available in summer as well as in rabi season (December to February). However, the income generated from jack orchard was meager, as the fruits are highly perishable and lack of proper storage facilities. Besides, there is loss to the farmer due to severe dropping- off of undersized, underdeveloped and half matured fruits, despite initial high fruit set. Keeping these things in mind, Th. Vijayakumar, thought differently to do something to jackfruit growers. This potential, educated youth approached the Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK), Virddhachalam for technical innovations and guidance. Subsequently he attended many trainings at Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK), Virddhachalam on value addition. He atarted value addition of jackfruit in his home in pilot scale and finetuned his technology in consulatation with Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK), Virddhachalam and Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology (IICPT), Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. Now he is preparing value added products from jack fruit such as jack fruit chips, murukku (Snack), seed flour, fruit candy and got FSSAI certificate. He is marketing the products in his own brand name of “Thembu Food Products”. He has emerged as a successful entrepreneur in jackfruit and is a role model for other educated rural youth of Cuddalore district.

Panruti is a developing city, municipality and taluk headquarters of Cuddalore districtTamil Nadu, India. Panruti is located between Cuddalore and Neyveli. Panruti is famous for jackfruit and cashews. The jackfruit grown here is exported worldwide and is very sweet. It is a business center of Cuddalore district. The name Panruti came from the Tamil words Pann and Urutti meaning composing song and music, as the place is where many saints and great religious singers such as nayanmars and vainavas sung. A 150-year-old government school was built here by the British East India Company and a more-than-1000-year-old temple Veeratteswarar temple is nearby in Thiruvathigai.

Panruti is located on the main line of high ways. State highways Chennai-Kumbakonam and Cuddalore-Chittoor passes through Panruti. Panruti is located at 11.77°N 79.55°E. It has an average elevation of 32 metres (104 feet). The Kedilam River flows through the town and Thenpanni river is nearby. Panruti produces cashewsjackfruit, sugar cane and many vegetables. Panruti plays a major role in the cashew export business, exporting to Malaysia, Australia, Singapore, and the United States. It is known for its famous international jackfruit market, from where jackfruit is exported to many other countries. It is also a commercial center of Cuddalore district. The Rathinampillai market located in the center of the city attracts thousands of people every day from morning 5:00 a.m. itself. Nearby villages are Maligampattu, Anguchetty palayam, Chinnapettai, Thiruthuraiyur, Puthupettai or PudupetBandrakottai, Mandhipalayam, Oraiyur, Kadampuliyar, Periyakattupalayam. Many nearby villages are famous for weaving Lungi, and Silk sarees.

Vegakollai is an interior village and is 4 km on eastern direction of Panruti to Kumbakonam high ways and 22 km away from Panruti

SUCCESS STORY OF COTTON FARMER

Name and address of the farmer with Telephone / Mobile Number R. Krishnamurthy

S/o.Ramaamy

Maruthathur

Nallur block

Cuddalore district

Situation analysis/Problem statement
  • Lack of awareness on etiology of parawilt in cotton
  • Lack of knowledge on parawilt management methods
Plan, Implement and Support
  • KVK has intervened and analyzed the situation.
  • Following the field visit, OFT on the “Assessment of methods for management of parawilt in cottonwas conducted in the Maruthathur village of Nallur block during 2018-19.
  • Ten farmers (1.0 acre each) were selected in the same village for conducting the OFT.
  • Critical inputs such as cobalt chloride, copper oxychloride, urea and DAP were distributed to the farmers.
  • Demonstration was given under the field condition.
  • Regular field visits were made by the KVK Scientist and advised the farmers on parawilt management.
Output
  • The farmer has got the highest yield of 27.0 quintals/ha of cotton kapas in his demonstration plot.
  • The farmer recorded 95% recovery of parawilt affected plants following the imposition of treatment (Spraying of cobalt chloride @10 mg/l (10 ppm) on affected plants within 2 days of onset of symptoms and drenching with mixture of Copper oxychloride (25 g) and 200 g Urea in 10 L of water) whereas in the conventional practice (drenching with 0.3% carbendazim) only 40% of the plants have recovered.

Yield (q/ha)

Parawilt (%) Percent plant recovered (%) Gross cost (Rs./ha) Gross return (Rs./ha) Net return (Rs./ha)

BC ratio

27 18 95 93763 148500 54737 1.58
Outcome
  • Farmers have gained the knowledge on the etiology of parawilt in cotton and the measures to be taken to contain the problem.
  • The farmers are frequently contacting the KVK to solve their field problems.
Impact
  • The cotton farmers in the village have got good yields and more profit during 2018-19 than the previous years.

SEED PRODUCER (RAM MAHESH)

Name of the Farmer,
Address for the communication with pin code,
Contact Phone number
Thiru. S.Ram Mahesh

S/o. Sambanthamoorthy

Vallam ,Thatchakadu

B.Muttlur, ChidambaramT.K.

98844 01114

Area of the Farm and water source He owns an area of 20 ha of rain fed land.
Technologies adopted
  • He adopted improved Production Technologies for Rainfed Rice-ANNA 4.
  • He had followed all agronomic and plant protection practices for the paddy crop.
  • PPFM spray to mitigate drought
Impact due to Technological  interventions
  • In samba season, he cultivated ANNA 4 rice variety (under OFT)  and achieved a good yield of 5880 kg/ha even though the entire Cauvery delta zone suffered out of severe water scarcity during this samba season.
  • The farmers have realized a increase of 23.81% yield over ruling Kar variety. The net return from the ANNA 4 variety given Rs 11485 per ha than of Rs 7557/- from Kar rice variety.
  • He won state level Best farmer award from TNAU during February, 2013.
Lessons learnt
  • The Cuddalore district has considerable area under rainfed rice especially at Nallur, Mangalore blocks and also part of Bhuvanagiri and Vriddhchalam block during samba season. Generally, the farmers get very low yield mainly under rainfed situation owing to local varieties and poor maintenance. The locally available kar (Red) rice variety fetches low market value.
  • Cultivation of ANNA -4 proved excellent yield performance in his field (5880 kg/ha) even though the entire Cauvery delta zone suffered out of severe water scarcity during this samba season.
Details of spreading success to other farmers or farmers groups
  • Out of his yield, 2500 kgs of seed was procured from him as TFL seed with the approval of TNAU and distributed to the other farmers of Cuddalore district for further spread.

SEED PRODUCER (SHIVASHAKTHI SEEDS)

Name of the Farmer,
Address for the communication with pin code,
Contact Phone number
Th. A. Ramesh

S/o Adivaragan pillai

Main road, Gunamangalam &Post

Srimushnam 608703

9942515469

Area of the Farm and water source 15 acres with bore well.
Technologies adopted
  • Improved seed production technologies viz., such as land selection, sources of seed, isolation distance, rouging, foliar nutrition, harvesting and post harvest handling of seeds in three stages under seed village training programme.
Impact due to Technological  interventions
  • Now he is running seed production unit successfully with the capacity of  55t of ADT 43, 90t of CR1009, 15t of ADT38 35 t of BPT5204, 7t of ADT 39 and 3t of IW Ponni as his contribution to the farmers of Cuddalore District
  • Before 2007 he was an ordinary farmer cultivating paddy in his own land and surviving with average minimum income which was sufficient to meet out his family daily needs.
  • He is earning approximately Rs. 3 lakhs /annum and generating employment of 192 man days per year
Lessons learnt
  • The seed production is a successful venture for farmers as it gives remuneration income to the farmer.
  • The need for good quality seed material is growing day by day and hence there is a great scope for a profitable agribusiness in seed venture.
Details of spreading success to other farmers or farmers groups
  • The farmers of Gunamangalam village are being trained by the Th. A. Ramesh.

SEED PRODUCER (RAJA SEEDS)

Name of the Farmer,
Address for the communication with pin code,
Contact Phone number
Th. T. Subramaniyam

S/o Thirugnanasambantham

North street, Rajendrapattinam-608703

9566787092

Area of the Farm and water source 35 acres of wet land with good irrigation sources.
Technologies adopted
  • Krishi Vigyan Kendra intervened and trained the farmers of Rajendrapattinum about the production of quality seeds under seed village training programme
Impact due to Technological  interventions
  • He is producing 12 ha of paddy seeds and 12 ha of blackgram seeds and supplying the same to the farmers and to the department of agriculture.
Lessons learnt
  • Before the Training programme the farmer purchased the seeds from private seed companies, government outlets and also used their own farm saved seeds.
  • After the training undergone by the farmer he himself produced the quality seeds and supplying it to the farmers in and around Cuddalore district and now he become an entrepreneur.
  • The profit achieved of this entrepreneur showed that the seed production is a profitable agribusiness venture and the scope is enlarging day by day as there is growing demand for quality seed material in the agricultural industry.
Details of spreading success to other farmers or farmers groups
  • The farmers of the Rajendra pattinum trained from Th. T. Subramaniyam and they are also producing certified seeds.

NURSERY GARDEN (AMMAN NURSERY)

Name of the Farmer,
Address for the communication with pin code,
Contact Phone number
S.VIJAYALAKSHMI

M/s.Amman nursery ,

Cuddalore Main Road,

V.Sathamangalam,

Vridhachalam t.k.

98652 45007

Area of the Farm and water source 1 ha. with bore well.
Technologies adopted
  • Cashew seedlings were raised under soft wood grafting method under shade net.
  • Jack seedlings were also raised by grafting technology by the Amman nursery.
Impact due to Technological  interventions
  • A total no.of 2,10,000 Cashew seedlings were sold in the year of 2012 with a high viability rate (more than 95 %).
  • Earned  a profit of 30,000/- per month.
Lessons learnt
  • Seedlings recovery rate is higher in this grafting technology when compared to conventional method.
  • Seedling production is also a very good commercial venture for the farmers,rural youth and farm women to get a remunerative monthly income.
Details of spreading success to other farmers or farmers groups
  • This nursery is approved by the directorate of cashew and cocoa Development board, Cochin. So more numbers of farmers visited this nursery and learnt the technology.

NURSERY GARDEN (SARADHAMBAL NURSERY)

Name of the Farmer,
Address for the communication with pin code,
Contact Phone number
Thiru. R.Muthukumaran

Sarathambal nursery,

361, Kullanchavadi salai,

Vegakollai and Post, Panrutti taluk,

Cuddalore district.

97904 15127

Area of the Farm and water source
  • Total area is 12 acres with assured irrigation source.
  • One acre is being used for nursery.
  • Among the total area, 5 acres have been planted with cashew, 2 acres with jack and remaining 3 acres has been utilized for crossandra cultivation and one acre for jasmine in which the mother plant stock materials are collected for making cuttings
Technologies adopted
  • Nursery production technologies-Grafting technique.
  • Mist chamber construction,
  • Use of growth regulators and
  • Nursery mixture preparation.
Impact due to Technological  interventions
  • At present in and around Vegakollai village there are 20 nurseries and the production capacity is 3-5 lakhs per unit with initial cost of Rs.50,000.
  • On an average 15-20 lakh plants has been produced every year from crossandra nurseries in Vegakollai village.
Lessons learnt
  • The nursery unit is providing employment to the rural youth for 750-800 man days per unit per year.
  • Seedling production is also a very good commercial venture for the farmers,rural youth and farm women to get a remunerative monthly income
Details of spreading success to other farmers or farmers groups
  • He generated rural employment to about 50 people in vegakollai.
  • Nursery garden is profitable agribusiness and it provides employment oppurtunities to rural youth and farm women.

NURSERY GARDEN (SRI MURUGAN NURSERY)

Name of the Farmer,
Address for the communication with pin code,
Contact Phone number
A.Dhanavel

Sri Murugan Nursery

Cuddalore road, Pudukuraipettai

Kuppanathum, Vridhachalam t.k.

98651 97550

Area of the Farm and water source
  • 1 acre
Technologies adopted
  • Raising of seedlings viz., Cashew,Jack,Mango,Guava,
  • Sapota,Lemon,Amla, and other Ornamental plants
  • soft wood grafting method
  • Shade net method
Impact due to Technological  interventions
  • 3000 no.of seedling are being sold/month
  • Approximately Rs.15,000/month as profit.
Lessons learnt
  • Viability of seedlings is more than the conventional planting.
  • Quality and true types of seedlings were produced under soft wood grafting.
  • Even growth is achieved.
Details of spreading success to other farmers or farmers groups
  • Rasi Nursey, Amman nursery and velkkani nursery were started after getting training from Murgan nursey.

JEYAM HOME MADE PRODUCTS

Name of the Farmer,
Address for the communication with pin code,
Contact Phone number
R.Suganthi

and

K.Seetha lakshmi

M/s. Jeyam home made products,

101 ,Thangam Nagar,

Gandhi nagar post,

Vadakuthu, Kurinjipadi T.K.

Cell: 94860 89781

Area of the Farm and water source
  • 1200 sq.ft
Technologies adopted
  • Value added products in fruits, vegetables, pulses, cereals and millets.
  • Pickle preparation ready mix powder
  • Health food
  • Improved packaging and marketing.
Impact due to Technological  interventions
  • Sale of pickles/month:3000 bottles
  • Instant powder/month:200 kgs
  • Approximate profit/month
Lessons learnt
  • Value added products gain more market value than raw products.
Details of spreading success to other farmers or farmers groups
  • More no. of self help groups visited and learnt the technology from them.

AERO FOODS

Name of the Farmer,
Address for the communication with pin code,
Contact Phone number
Mr.Manimozhi

M/s.Aero Foods,

144/1 Annasalai, Periyar Nagar

Vridhachalam, Cuddalore Tk.

94435 11316

Area of the company
  • 800-900 sq.ft
Technologies adopted
  • Prepared milletsbased value added products (Varagu,Samai,Theni, Ragi).
  • Prepared millet based Health mix
Impact due to Technological  interventions
  • 5 tonnes of processed millets are being sold every month
  • 400-500 kgs of millet based health mix powder are being sold every month
  • Earning an approximate profit of Rs.20,000/month
Lessons learnt
  • Processed millets fetch more price than raw products.
  • Diabetic patient prefers millet based product rather than cereal based product and hence more market value.
Details of spreading success to other farmers or farmers groups
  • More no. of farmers were attracted towards this company and become member of this society.