Crop Improvement

PLANT BREEDING

Fifteen early and ten mid late sugarcane varieties have been released from this Research Station.

  • EARLY – CoC 671, CoC 771, CoC 772, CoC 8001, CoC 85061, CoC 86062, CoC 90063, Co8021, CoC 91061, CoC 92061, Co 86249, CoC 98061, CoC (Sc) 23, CoC (Sc) 24 and CoC 25.
  • MIDLATE – Co 6304, CoC 774, CoC 775, CoC 777, CoC 778, CoC 779, CoC 8201, Co 8362, CoC 99061 and CoC (Sc) 22.
Varieties  Year   Parentage Cane yield (t/ha)  CCS

(%)

 Traits
 Co 6304  1970  Co 419 x Co 605  135.0  11.5 High yielder, Non lodging, thick cane, drought tolerant. Suitable for jaggery making, Good ratooner and non flowering.
 CoC 671  1975  Q 63 x Co 775  123.5  13.1 High quality cane, suitable for jaggery making, suitable for Cauvery delta zone and well irrigated coastal zone.
 CoC 771  1977  Co 419  x Co 658  130.0  12.5 Suitable for all types of soil, non lodging, higher yielder and high quality, suitable for jaggery making
 CoC 772  1977  Co 740  x Co 658  133.0  12.0 Non lodging, non flowering, high yielder and high quality and suitable for jaggery making.
 CoC 774  1977  Co 785  x Co 658  129.8  11.9 Erect cane, long internode, suitable for heavy and medium soils.
 CoC 775  1977  Co 658 x Co 1305  112.5  12.4 High quality cane, suitable for garden land and for Cauvery delta zone.
 CoC 777  1977  Co 419  x Co 853  131.3  11.8 High yielder, suitable for wetland and good ratooner.
 CoC 778  1977  Co 419  x Co 658  135.5  11.0 High yielder, good ratooner, suitable for wet land conditions.
 CoC 779  1977  Co 419  x Co 658  134.6  11.8 High yielder, good ratooner, solid and erect cane.
 CoC 8001  1980  PoJ 2878 x Co 658  102.9  12.9 Non lodging, high quality cane, easy to detrash, good ratooner and drought tolerant
 CoC 8201  1982  Co 740 x Co 62174  133.6  11.8 High yielder, erect, non lodging cane, suitable for garden land and low irrigated area, non flowering.
 CoC 85061  1985  Co 6304 GC  135.4  12.4 High yielder, high quality cane, non lodging, non flowering, drought tolerant, good ratooner and easy to detrashing.
 CoC 86062  1987  MS 68/47 GC  128.5  12.8 High yielder, high quality cane, long internode, suitable for jaggery making and good ratooner.
 CoC 90063  1990  Co 6304 x CoC 671  128.0  12.6 Solid cane, non lodging, high yield and high quality, drought tolerant and suitable for jaggery making.
 Co 8021  1990  Co 740 x Co 6806  130.0  11.8 High yielder, non lodging, non flowering and tolerant to wilt.
 CoC 91061  1991  CoC 779 GC  131.0  12.8 High yielder, non flowering, suitable for coastal zone and non spiny
 CoC 92061  1992  CoC 7314 GC  133.5  12.9 Heavy yielder, high quality cane, matures in 8 month, good ratooner, non lodging, non flowering and suitable for jaggery making.
 Co 8362  1992  Co 6304 x CoC 671  129.4  12.9  High yielder
 CoC 98061  1998  C 80172 GC  120.0  11.6 High yielder and quality, good ratooner, suitable for garden land, cool dry, inland hot upland and coastal zone.
 Co 86249  1998  CoJ 64 x CoA 7601  127.6  11.2 Non lodging, suitable for coastal southern zone.
 CoC 99061  1999  Co 6806 x Co 740  130.3  11.9 High yielder, non lodging, non flowering and good ratooner.
 CoC  22  2004  Co 8208 GC  135.9  12.1 High yielder, non lodging, and good ratooner.
 CoC (Sc) 23  2006  69 A 591 GC  133.0  12.9 High yielder and high quality, erect and lodging cane and hence suitable for machine harvest, long internode and non flowering.
 CoC (Sc) 24  2009  Co 8371 x MS 68/47  135.0  12.55 High yielder and high quality.
CoC 25 2017 Co 85002 x HR 83-144 145.0 12.77 High yielding, fast growing, good ratooner, moderately resistant to red rot  and less susceptible to shoot borer and suitable for early and special seasons