The Sugarcane research station was first started during 1955 at Palur, South Arcot district, Tamil Nadu and later shifted and established at Cuddalore in 1957. This station is the lead centre for sugarcane research in Tamil Nadu. This Research Station is situated within the municipal limits of Cuddalore, The Research Station has a cultivable land of 32.59 hectares and located at 110 46’N latitude and 79046’E longitude. The altitude is 4.6 m above MSL. The soil type is clayey loam with the pH 0f 7.2 and irrigated by bore wells. The annual mean rainfall is 1210 mm.